A real-world size organization of object responses in occipito-temporal cortex.
Konkle,T. & Oliva, A. (in press, 2012). Neuron

While there are selective regions of occipito-temporal cortex that respond to faces, letters, and bodies, the large-scale neural organization of most object categories remains unknown. Here we find that object representations can be differentiated along the ventral temporal cortex by their real-world size. In a functional neuroimaging experiment, observers were shown pictures of big and small real-world objects (e.g. table, bathtub; paperclip, cup), presented at the same retinal size. We observed a consistent medial-to-lateral organization of big and small object preferences in the ventral temporal cortex, mirrored along the lateral surface. Regions in the lateral-occipital, infero-temporal, and parahippocampal cortices showed strong peaks of differential real-world size selectivity, and maintained these preferences over changes in retinal size and in mental imagery. These data demonstrate that the real-world size of objects can provide insight into the spatial topography of object representation.

Large-scale organization of big and small object responses across the cortex
New functional regions show robust response differences between big and small objects
Regions are tolerant to retinal size changes and activate during mental imagery
We propose real-world size is an organizing dimension of object representation