Modeling Search for People in 900 Scenes: A combined source model of eye guidance.
Ehinger, K.*; Hidalgo-Sotelo B.*; Torralba, A. & Oliva, A. (2009)  

How predictable are human eye movements during search in real world scenes? We recorded 14 observersí eye movements as they performed a search task (person detection) in 912 outdoor scenes. Observers were highly consistent in the regions fixated during search, even when the target was absent from the scene. These eye movements were used to evaluate computational models of search guidance from three sources: saliency, target features, and scene context. Each of these models independently outperformed a cross-image control in predicting human fixations. Models that combined sources of guidance ultimately predicted 94% of human agreement, with the scene context component providing the most explanatory power. None of the models, however, could reach the precision and fidelity of an attentional map defined by human fixations. This work puts forth a benchmark for computational models of search in real world scenes. Further improvements in modeling should capture mechanisms underlying the selectivity of observerís fixations during search.

[Contact one of the authors for a full version of the paper. A website with the data, images and matlab code is in preparation].